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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 537-542

Ageing in Puducherry, South India: An overview of morbidity profile


1 Department of Community Medicine, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute, Puducherry, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Sikkim Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences, 5th Mile, Tadong, Gangtok, Sikkim, India
3 Department of Community Nursing, Kasturba Gandhi Nursing College, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute "Campus", Pondicherry, India
4 Department of Surgery, Indira Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute, Puducherry, India

Correspondence Address:
Ranabir Pal
Department of Community Medicine, Sikkim Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences, 5th Mile, Tadong, Gangtok, Sikkim
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0975-7406.90111

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Background : The geriatric health problems are related to chronic disease as a result of increasing life expectancy. Objective : This study was undertaken to assess the health problems of the elderly in Puducherry. Materials and Methods : This cross-sectional study was carried out on 214 elderly persons from the age group of 60 years and above using a pre-designed and pre-tested questionnaire that addressed the disease magnitude in comparison with the socioeconomic variables. Results : Overall, 43% of the participants were diabetic, 47.7% hypertensive, 86% anemic and 68.2% visually impaired. All the morbidities were noted to be higher in the 70-79 years age group. Diabetes was significantly higher in participants from urban areas, with family history and increasing waist-hip ratio, but significantly lower in the below poverty line areas. Hypertension risk was significantly higher among females, among those leading sedentary life, those eating vegetarian food, those addicted to tobacco and with abdominal obesity. Anemia was significantly lower among urban vegetarians. Overweight and obese were noted in 31% of the participants, and were higher in females (87.5%). Rural residence, female sex, living in joint family, literacy, sedentary life style, decreasing per capita income and decreasing body mass index (BMI) were significantly associated with visual impairment. Conclusion : This study highlights the burden of health problems of elderly individuals in South India.


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