Journal of Pharmacy And Bioallied Sciences
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 313-317

Antioxidant activity and polyphenol content in cultivated and wild edible fruits grown in Panama


1 Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Natural, Exact Sciences and Technology, University of Panama, Panama
2 Center for Neuroscience, Institute for Scientific Research and Technology Services (INDICASAT AIP), Panama
3 Center for Biodiversity and Drug Discovery, Institute for Scientific Research and Technology Services (INDICASAT AIP), Panama

Correspondence Address:
Armando A Durant
Center for Biodiversity and Drug Discovery, Institute for Scientific Research and Technology Services (INDICASAT AIP)
Panama
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0975-7406.103261

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Objectives: The present research was undertaken to determine the antioxidant activity and total polyphenol content of cultivated and wild edible fruits consumed in Panama. Materials and Methods: 39 cultivated and wild edible fruits antioxidant activity and total polyphenol content was assessed by using the DPPH and the Folin-Ciocalteu assays, respectively. Results and Discussion: The antioxidant composition of the fruits varied between 1083.33 and 16.22 mg TEAC/100 g fresh weight. On the other hand, the total phenolic content of the 39 fruits tested ranged from 604.80 to 35.10 mg GAE/100 g FW. Ziziphus mauritania presented the highest antioxidant activity and the largest phenolic content, whereas most fruits had a moderate TEAC value. Conclusion: Fruits polyphenol content was strongly correlated with antioxidant properties, which pointed out the important role of these compounds in the prevention of many types of cancer, neurological ailments, and cardiovascular diseases through diverse antioxidant mechanisms.


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