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DENTAL SCIENCE - CASE REPORT
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 178-181

Temperomandibular joint ankylosis in children


1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Eklavya Dental College, Kotputli, Rajasthan, India
2 Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Rama Dental College, Hospital and Research Centre, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Rama Dental College, Hospital and Research Centre, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Perumal Jayavelu
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Eklavya Dental College, Kotputli, Rajasthan
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0975-7406.137450

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Temperomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis or hypo mobility involves fusion of the mandibular condyle to the base of the skull. Impairment of speech, difficulty in mastication, poor oral hygiene, rampant caries, and acute compromise of the airway pose a severe psychological burden on the tender minds of children. The treatment of TMJ ankylosis poses a significant challenge because of technical difficulties and a high incidence of recurrence. This report describes a case of 7-year-old with inability to open mouth, diagnosed with unilateral right bony TMJ ankylosis. The surgical approach consisted of inter-positional arthroplasty followed by physiotherapy. A detailed history, clinical and functional examination, and radiographic examination facilitating correct diagnosis followed by immediate surgical intervention and physiotherapy can help us to restore physical, psychological and emotional health of the child patient.


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