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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 2-8

Stem cell therapy: A novel treatment approach for oral mucosal lesions


Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, ITS CDSR, Dental College and Hospital, Muradnagar, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Madhu Pruthi Arora
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, ITS CDSR, Dental College and Hospital, Muradnagar, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0975-7406.149809

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Stem cells have enormous potential to alleviate sufferings of many diseases that currently have no effective therapy. The research in this field is growing at an exponential rate. Stem cells are master cells that have specialized capability for self-renewal, potency and capability to differentiate to many cell types. At present, the adult mesenchymal stem cells are being used in the head and neck region for orofacial regeneration (including enamel, dentin, pulp and alveolar bone) in lieu of their proliferative and regenerative properties, their use in the treatment of oral mucosal lesions is still in budding stages. Moreover, there is scanty literature available regarding role of stem cell therapy in the treatment of commonly seen oral mucosal lesions like oral submucous fibrosis, oral lichen planus, oral ulcers and oral mucositis. The present review will focus on the current knowledge about the role of stem cell therapies in oral mucosal lesions and could facilitate new advancements in this area (articles were obtained from electronic media like PubMed, EBSCO, Cochrane and Medline etc., from year 2000 to 2014 to review the role of stem cell therapy in oral mucosal lesions).


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