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DENTAL SCIENCE - ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 474-480

Erosive potential of commonly used beverages, medicated syrup, and their effects on dental enamel with and without restoration: An in vitro study


1 Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, College of Dental Science and Research Centre, Manipur, Sanand, Ahmedabad, India
2 Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Ahmedabad Dental College and Hospital, Vivekanand Society, Santej, Rancharda, Kalol, Dist. Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India
3 Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, SEGI University, Kota Damansara, Malaysia
4 Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, The Vinayaka Mission's Sankarachariyar Dental College, Salem, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Krishna Trivedi
Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, College of Dental Science and Research Centre, Manipur, Sanand, Ahmedabad
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0975-7406.163508

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Aim: This study evaluates erosive potential of commonly used beverages, medicated syrup, and their effects on dental enamel with and without restoration in vitro. Materials and Methods: Test medias used in this study included carbonated beverage, noncarbonated beverage, high-energy sports drink medicated cough syrup, distilled water as the control. A total of 110 previously extracted human premolar teeth were selected for the study. Teeth were randomly divided into two groups. Test specimens were randomly distributed to five beverages groups and comprised 12 specimens per group. Surface roughness (profilometer) readings were performed at baseline and again, following immersion for 14 days (24 h/day). Microleakage was evaluated. The results obtained were analyzed for statistical significance using SPSS-PC package using the multiple factor ANOVA at a significance level of P < 0.05. Paired t-test, Friedman test ranks, and Wilcoxon signed ranks test. Results: For surface roughness high-energy sports drink and noncarbonated beverage showed the highly significant difference with P values of 0.000 and 0.000, respectively compared to other test media. For microleakage high-energy sports drink had significant difference in comparison to noncarbonated beverage (P = 0.002), medicated syrup (P = 0.000), and distilled water (P = 0.000). Conclusion: High-energy sports drink showed highest surface roughness value and microleakage score among all test media and thus greater erosive potential to enamel while medicated syrup showed least surface roughness value and microleakage among all test media.


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