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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 8  |  Page : 547-550

Physical study of Chloramphenicol In Situ Gel with Base Hydroxypropyl Methylcellulose and Poloxamer 188


Department of Pharmaceutics and Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Padjadjaran, Sumedang, Indonesia

Correspondence Address:
Insan S Kurniawansyah
Department of Pharmaceutics and Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Padjadjaran, Sumedang.
Indonesia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jpbs.JPBS_201_19

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Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the best formulation of ophthalmic in situ gel preparation by two different bases, Poloxamer 188 and HPMC (hydroxypropyl methylcellulose), with physical evaluation, such as organoleptic, pH, viscosity, and gel capacity during 28 days of storage time. Materials and Methods: The two different concentrations of the gel made by using Poloxamer 188 were F1 (5%) and F2 (10%), and those made by using HPMC were F3 (0.45%) and F4 (1%). Results: The results of this study showed that formulation 1 (F1) was the optimum formulation, having pH 6.45, viscosity of 5.47 cP, and a better gel capacity than other formulas. Conclusion: In situ gel for ophthalmic preparations is developed to mask the limitation of conventional forms of ophthalmic preparation. In situ gel technology significantly increase the effectivity of drugs in the raw material and drug bioavailability in new drug delivery systems based on in situ gel concept.


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