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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 77-81

Chemical composition and bioactivity of Vitex cofassus Reinw. extracts on the larval and pupal stages of Aedes aegypti


1 Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Farmasi Makassar, Perintis Kemerdekaan, Makassar, Indonesia
2 Department of Biological Pharmacy, Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Farmasi Makassar, Perintis Kemerdekaan, Makassar, Indonesia

Correspondence Address:
Mr. Lukman Muslimin
Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Farmasi Makassar, Perintis Kemerdekaan, Makassar – 90242
Indonesia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jpbs.JPBS_148_19

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Aims and Objectives: This study sought to investigate the chemical composition, larvicidal, and cytotoxic potentials of the fruit extract of Vitex cofassus Reinw. Materials and Methods: The chemical composition was analyzed using the gas chromatography–mass spectrometry technique. Separately, mortality data were evaluated by probit analysis to determine the lethal concentration (LC)50 and LC90 values on brine shrimp and Aedes aegypti larvae. Moreover, the effects on different stages of Ae. aegypti were also examined. Results: Fourteen majority components representing carboxylic acid were identified. The extract was very toxic to both brine shrimp and Ae. aegypti larvae with LC50 values of 0.308 and 0.514 µg/mL, whereas the LC90 values were 4.317 and 1.921 µg/mL, respectively. The effect of the fruit extract of V. cofassus on different stages of Ae. aegypti indicated that high concentrations (2.00–4.00 µg/mL) promoted complete mortality. A concentration of 0.125 to 1.00 µg/mL inhibited larval metamorphosis. Conclusion: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to evaluate the chemical composition and larvicidal effects of the fruit extract of V. cofassus. The results indicate that the extract may be a promising source of larvicidal compounds that could be useful for pharmaceutical applications.


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