Immediately loaded single unit dental implants: A clinical study
Shweta Rai1, Anurag Rai2, Tanoj Kumar3, Minti Kumari4, Muthyalu Kumar Somanna5, Subhash Bandgar6
1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Buddha Institute of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Patna, Bihar, India
2 Department of Orthodontics, Patna Dental College and Hospital, Patna, Bihar, India
3 Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Patna Dental College and Hospital, Patna, Bihar, India
4 Public Health Dentistry, Patna Dental College and Hospital, Patna, Bihar, India
5 Department of Prosthodontics, Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, New Delhi, India
6 Department of Prosthodontics, Nair Hospital Dental College, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Public Health Dentistry, Patna Dental College and Hospital, Patna, Bihar 800004, India.
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
Background: Immediate loading of dental implants is an obvious advantage. A long treatment period that involves the wearing of a temporary prosthesis may be of great inconvenience, and is sometimes the reason for not choosing implant-supported restorations at all. Aim: In our study, an attempt was made to immediately load single tooth implants in the aesthetic zone of the dentition. Materials and Methods: Patients were selected from Government Dental College, Patna. Twenty-four single tooth implants were placed in 24 patients; 12 male and 12 female patients desiring replacement of one or more missing teeth in anterior region were selected. Surgery for the placement of the implant was carried out, and implants of the Uniti Implant System were placed. The abutment was then attached and the flap was sutured. A temporary acrylic resin crown was fabricated and cemented on the same day. Permanent prosthesis was inserted on sixth month after implant placement. Results: A clinical study was performed to evaluate the treatment outcomes of dental implants installed according to a one-stage surgical procedure followed by immediate loading with prosthesis. Of the 24 implants, 23 showed signs of successful osseointegration over a 1-year follow-up. Conclusion: Within limits of the evaluated data, it was observed that immediately loaded implants osseointegrate, so this alternative was used over conventional procedures that take 6 months for osseointegration. This has advantages, both for patient and practitioner.