Journal of Pharmacy And Bioallied Sciences

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2012  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 51--55

Clinico-pathological correlates of incidentally revealed thyroid swelling in Bihar, India


Arup Sengupta1, Ranabir Pal2, Sumit Kar2, Forhad Akhtar Zaman2, Mausumi Basu3, Shrayan Pal2 
1 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, M.G.M. Medical College, Kisanganj, Bihar, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Sikkim Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences and Central Referral Hospital, Gangtok, Sikkim, India
3 Department of Community Medicine, SSKM Hospital, Kolkata, India

Correspondence Address:
Ranabir Pal
Department of Community Medicine, Sikkim Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences and Central Referral Hospital, Gangtok, Sikkim
India

Background: Global prevalence of thyroid cancer has been on the rise in recent decades. Objectives: To study the clinical presentations to reach an agreement for diagnosis and optimal management of incidentally revealed thyroid swellings for early diagnosis. Materials and Methods: A prospective study was carried out on 178 cases of incidentally detected thyroid swelling attending a tertiary care teaching institute of Kishanganj Bihar. All the cases were subjected to a thorough clinical examination followed by evidence-based interventions. Fine needle aspiration cytology was done in all the cases preoperatively as out-patients basis and histopathologically confirmed postoperatively. Results: The highest incidence of thyroid swelling (75.84%) was found in the age group of 20-40 years; a female preponderance was noted in the ratio 4:1. The duration of swelling ranged from six months to three years. Difficulty in swallowing and breathing was complained by 23 (12.9%) and 18 (10.1%) of the patients respectively. Typically the swellings were located in the right lobe. Commonly the subjects in our study were in euthyroid state (90%) and were with firm swellings (66.7%). Follicular and anaplastic carcinoma was important postoperative cytological findings. Majority of surgical intervention was hemithyroidectomy (55.06%). Conclusion: Incidentally revealed thyroid swelling was quite high in eastern India for which we need a consensus line of intervention.


How to cite this article:
Sengupta A, Pal R, Kar S, Zaman FA, Basu M, Pal S. Clinico-pathological correlates of incidentally revealed thyroid swelling in Bihar, India.J Pharm Bioall Sci 2012;4:51-55


How to cite this URL:
Sengupta A, Pal R, Kar S, Zaman FA, Basu M, Pal S. Clinico-pathological correlates of incidentally revealed thyroid swelling in Bihar, India. J Pharm Bioall Sci [serial online] 2012 [cited 2020 Aug 14 ];4:51-55
Available from: http://www.jpbsonline.org/article.asp?issn=0975-7406;year=2012;volume=4;issue=1;spage=51;epage=55;aulast=Sengupta;type=0