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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 51-55

Clinico-pathological correlates of incidentally revealed thyroid swelling in Bihar, India

1 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, M.G.M. Medical College, Kisanganj, Bihar, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Sikkim Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences and Central Referral Hospital, Gangtok, Sikkim, India
3 Department of Community Medicine, SSKM Hospital, Kolkata, India

Correspondence Address:
Ranabir Pal
Department of Community Medicine, Sikkim Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences and Central Referral Hospital, Gangtok, Sikkim
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0975-7406.92730

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Background: Global prevalence of thyroid cancer has been on the rise in recent decades. Objectives: To study the clinical presentations to reach an agreement for diagnosis and optimal management of incidentally revealed thyroid swellings for early diagnosis. Materials and Methods: A prospective study was carried out on 178 cases of incidentally detected thyroid swelling attending a tertiary care teaching institute of Kishanganj Bihar. All the cases were subjected to a thorough clinical examination followed by evidence-based interventions. Fine needle aspiration cytology was done in all the cases preoperatively as out-patients basis and histopathologically confirmed postoperatively. Results: The highest incidence of thyroid swelling (75.84%) was found in the age group of 20-40 years; a female preponderance was noted in the ratio 4:1. The duration of swelling ranged from six months to three years. Difficulty in swallowing and breathing was complained by 23 (12.9%) and 18 (10.1%) of the patients respectively. Typically the swellings were located in the right lobe. Commonly the subjects in our study were in euthyroid state (90%) and were with firm swellings (66.7%). Follicular and anaplastic carcinoma was important postoperative cytological findings. Majority of surgical intervention was hemithyroidectomy (55.06%). Conclusion: Incidentally revealed thyroid swelling was quite high in eastern India for which we need a consensus line of intervention.

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