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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 164-171

Preparation and in vitro/in vivo characterization of curcumin microspheres intended to treat colon cancer

1 Priyadarshini Yashodhara College of Pharmacy, Chandrapur, Maharashtra, India
2 Care College of Pharmacy, Warangal, Andhra Pradesh, India
3 Mother Teresa College of Pharmacy, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
A V Jithan
Mother Teresa College of Pharmacy, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh
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Source of Support: This project is partly funded under a SERC-DST Fast Track Proposal for Young Scientists awarded to Dr. A. V. Jithan, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0975-7406.94825

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Objective: The objective of the present investigation was to prepare colon targeted curcumin microspheres using Eudragit S100 and evaluate the same for in vitro/in vivo properties. Materials and Methods: A "O/O solvent evaporation" technique was used in the preparation of microspheres. The influence of various process variables including stirring speed, drug:polymer ratio and percentage of emulsifier on the fabrication were investigated and the formulation was optimized. Prepared microspheres were evaluated for in vitro and in vivo properties. Surface morphology, particle size, percentage drug entrapment, percentage yield, drug polymer interaction, in vitro drug release in simulated gastrointestinal transit conditions and stability were the in vitro parameters investigated. Using an optimized formulation, drug release into the systemic circulation and organ distribution were investigated as in vivo parameters. In vivo parameters were estimated in male albino rats. Results: Curcumin microspheres of Eudragit S100 were successfully prepared using o/o solvent evaporation method. Microspheres prepared using 1:2 drug:polymer ratio, with a stirring speed of 1000 rpm, and using 1.0% w/v concentration of emulsifying agent was selected as an optimized formulation. The release studies with optimized formulation demonstrated that aqueous solubility of curcumin was enhanced by 8 times with the formulation. FTIR studies demonstrated no change in drug characteristics upon microsphere fabrication. The enhancement in solubility is thus due to the increase in the surface area of the drug substance and not due to a change of drug to a different physical state. This was further confirmed by scanning electron microsphere pictures. Drug release followed Korsmeyer and Peppas release model. Accelerated stability studies indicated that the drug is stable in the formulation for a period of atleast 14 weeks at room temperature. In vivo studies demonstrated a sustained drug release into the systemic circulation after oral administration of the formulation. Further, colon target was affectively achieved using the optimized formulation. Eudragit microspheres delivered most of their drug load (79.0%) to the colon, whereas with plain drug suspension only 28.0% of the total dose reached the target site. Conclusion: This study successfully developed curcumin microspheres that can be used effectively in the treatment of the colon cancer.

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