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DENTAL SCIENCE - REVIEW ARTICLES
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 248-251

Statins: A new era in local drug delivery


Department of Periodontics, JKK Nattaraja Dental College, Komarapalayam, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Sugumari Elavarasu
Department of Periodontics, JKK Nattaraja Dental College, Komarapalayam, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0975-7406.100225

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Periodontitis is an inflammatory disease of the supporting tissues of the teeth, caused by a group of specific microorganisms. Aggressive forms of periodontitis can be localized or generalized. The concept that localized problem sites may be treated by local drug delivery appears attractive as the antimicrobial agent is delivered within periodontal pockets and the therapy is targeted on specific pathogenic microorganisms. Periodontitis can result in bone resorption creating bony defects, which may cause tooth loss. Various drugs have been studied using local delivery to improve the periodontal health and to achieve periodontal regeneration. Local delivery of antimicrobial agents using controlled release systems should be considered as adjunctive to mechanical debridement for the treatment of localized forms of periodontal destruction. Pharmacological agents offer great promise in this direction. Simvastatin, used for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia, is a universally accepted and relatively inexpensive drug. Local application of simvastatin has been shown to stimulate bone formation in rodents both in vitro and in vivo and in human periodontal ligament cells in vitro. This article reviews the effects of simvastatin as a local delivery and examines its potential role in periodontal regenerative therapy.


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