Journal of Pharmacy And Bioallied Sciences
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DENTAL SCIENCE - SHORT COMMUNICATION
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 280-282

Diabetes and periodontal disease


1 Department of Periodontology, Vivekanandha Dental College for Women, Tiruchengode, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Vivekanandha Dental College for Women, Tiruchengode, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Rajkumar Daniel
Department of Periodontology, Vivekanandha Dental College for Women, Tiruchengode, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0975-7406.100251

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Diabetes mellitus is a systemic disease characterized by increased blood glucose levels and abnormalities of lipid metabolism due to absence or decreased level of insulin. It affects all the body organs and their functions either directly or indirectly. Every dentist should have a basic understanding of the etiopathogenesis, oral and systemic manifestations of this disease. The periodontal diseases are a consequence of extension of the gingival inflammation into the underlying supporting structures of the periodontium, initiated by the presence of plaque and its products on the surfaces of the teeth and the adjoining structures. The progression of periodontal disease is influenced by variety of factors like microorganisms, host response, systemic background, and genetic makeup of the host. Amongst them, diabetes mellitus tops the list. Diabetes and periodontitis influence the clinical outcome of each other and control of both influences the clinical improvement of each.


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