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DENTAL SCIENCE - ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 364-368

Oral manifestations of HIV patients in South Indian population


1 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, JKK Nattaraja Dental College and Hospital, Komarapalayam, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, JKK Nattaraja Dental College and Hospital, Komarapalayam, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, College of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Davangere, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Chandrakala Shekarappa Annapurna
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, JKK Nattaraja Dental College and Hospital, Komarapalayam, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0975-7406.100272

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Objectives: To study the prevalence of oral manifestations in HIV-infected patients and to correlate oral manifestations with age, gender, severity, and clinical staging. Materials and Methods: Fifty patients of either sex diagnosed as HIV positive were included in the study. The data obtained were analyzed statistically using Fisher's exact test and Chi-square test. Results: Among the 50 HIV-infected patients, oral manifestations were found in 40 (80.0%) patients. Thirty (60%) patients were seen in the age range between 31 and 65 years, and 29 (58%) patients were females. Majority of the patients [26 (52%)] were in the clinical staging C, of whom 23 (88.5%) were with manifestations with significant statistical value (P < 0.05). Patients with CD4 count less than 200 had manifestations in 22 (88%) patients. Correlation between reduction in CD4 count and presence of manifestations was significant (P < 0.05). Twenty-eight (80%) patients without antiretroviral therapy (ART) reported with manifestations. Correlation between ART and presence of manifestations was not significant (P = 1.00). Interpretation and Conclusion: Oral manifestations are the indicators for the disease progression. Clinical stage C and lower CD4 count may be useful predictors for HIV, with greater prevalence of oral manifestations.


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