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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 131-134

Surface modification techniques for zirconia-based bioceramics: A review

1 Department of Prosthodontics, Rajah Mutiah Dental College, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Prosthodontics, Best Dental Science College, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Best Dental Science College, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Arun Jaikumar Ravindran
2/1A Pachaiyappan School Street, Opposite to K. R. Medicals, Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JPBS.JPBS_45_19

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Zirconia is gaining interest as a ceramic biomaterial for implant applications due to its biocompatibility and desirable mechanical properties. At present, zirconia-based bioceramics is often seen in the applications of hip replacement and dental implants. This article briefly reviews different surface modification techniques that have been applied to zirconia such as polishing, sandblasting, acid etching, biofunctionalization, coating, laser treatment, and ultraviolet light treatment. The potential of surface modification to make zirconia a successful implant material in the future is highly dependent on the establishment of successful in vitro and in vivo studies. Hence, further effort should be made in order to deepen the understanding of tissue response to implant and tissue regeneration process.

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