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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 429-433

Evaluation of the effect of extraction and restorative procedures on blood pressure and pulse rate due to anxiety in 6- to 12-year-old children: An in vivo study


1 Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Yenepoya Dental College and Hospital, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
2 Orthodontist, Krishna Dental Clinic, Erode, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Department of Orthodontics, Vivekananda Dental College for Women, Elayampalayam, Tiruchengode, India
4 Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon, Krishna Dental Clinic, Erode, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Nanditha Hegde
Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Yenepoya Dental College and Hospital, Mangalore 575018, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JPBS.JPBS_61_19

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Background: The objective of this study was to determine the changes in the cardiovascular parameters, blood pressure, and pulse rate due to anxiety in children undergoing dental extraction and restorative treatment. Materials and Methods: A total of 150 children were included in the study based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. The parameters were measured at four and three intervals for the extraction and restorative group, respectively. The obtained data were analyzed using repeated measures analysis of variance test. Results: In the extraction group, the change in blood pressure in female children (144mm Hg) was significant compare to male children (141mm Hg). In the restoration group, the change in blood pressure in male children (140/84mm Hg) was found to be statistically more significant when compared to female children (139/85mm Hg).The pulse rate change in both sexes was equally significant in restorative and extraction group. Conclusion: It can be inferred that pain and fear anxiety play important roles in the cardiovascular changes during dental treatment because there was significant change in blood pressure and pulse rate over time during dental treatment.


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