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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 140-145

Estimation of red-complex bacteria in diode laser treated chronic periodontitis patients: A clinical and microbiological study

Department of Periodontics, SRM Kattankulathur Dental College & Hospital, Potheri, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Prem Blaisie Rajula
Department of Periodontics, SRM Kattankulathur Dental College & Hospital, Potheri 603203, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jpbs.JPBS_45_20

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Context: Laser has been widely accepted as a substitute to traditional periodontal treatment. Only a finite number of studies are available based on the use of diode laser as a supplement to scaling and root planing (SRP) in the reduction of red-complex bacteria. Aim: This split-mouth study was aimed to determine the clinical and microbiological effects of diode laser as a supplement to SRP. Materials and Methods: For this split-mouth study, systemically healthy 34 patients with chronic periodontitis were selected. In the test quadrant, SRP + laser therapy was carried out, whereas in control quadrants, SRP alone was performed. Clinical and microbiological data were acquired at baseline and 3 months postoperative, and statistical analysis was carried out on the findings. Results: The results showed that both the treatment modalities were impelling. Considerable reduction in the mean probing depth and a notable improvement in the attachment level were observed in both groups in comparison to baseline, with a statistically significant reduction in the laser group. Microbiological analysis results showed more reduction in red-complex bacteria in the laser group compared to the SRP group, but they were statistically insignificant. Conclusion: Within the limitation of this study, it is recommended that both the SRP and SRP + laser are effective in chronic periodontitis management, but using laser with SRP has propitious results. Thus, in the forthcoming years, clinical experiments with a greater sample size may be chosen to further analyze the fringe benefits of laser as a supplement to SRP.

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