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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 27-36

Regenerative capacity of dental pulp stem cells: A systematic review

1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology and Oral Microbiology, CSI College of Dental Sciences and Research, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Oral Pathology, Sree Anjaneya Institute of Dental Sciences, Kozhikode, Kerala, India; Department of Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine, Sree Anjaneya Institute of Dental Sciences, Kozhikode, Kerala, India
3 Department of Operative Dentistry and Endodontics, CSI College of Dental Sciences and Research, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Gururaj Narayana Rao
90/57 Gopala Kothan Street, Madurai, Tamil Nadu.
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jpbs.JPBS_121_20

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Objectives: The dental pulp contains undifferentiated mesenchymal cells, blood vessels and so on, which are responsible for routine functions of a tooth. The determination of stemness and regenerative properties using biomarkers and further application in routine practice may unravel its potential. Materials and Methods: Inclusion criteria—original research articles published in English, from 2000 to 2019, were collected both manually and by electronic search from databases of Cochrane, Medline, Embase, and PubMed. Exclusion criteria—articles other than English and review manuscripts were omitted. The shortlisted articles were reviewed for specific biomarkers, to assess the regenerative potential, stemness, and lineage of dental pulp stem cells. Results: Of 512 articles, 64 were selected and reviewed to determine the mesenchymal, neurogenic, vasculogenic, hematopoietic, and stem cell potential. On the basis of the search analysis, a panel of markers was proposed. Conclusion: The application of proposed markers, on a pulpectomized tissue derived from human teeth, may be helpful to determine the regenerative potential and the usefulness in regenerative medicine and tissue engineering.

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