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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 495-503

A novel design modification to improve flexural strength of zirconia framework: A comparative experimental in vitro study

Department of Prosthodontics, Yenepoya Dental College, Mangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Shifa Shoukath
Department of Prosthodontics, Yenepoya Dental College, Yenepoya University, University Road, Deralakatte, Mangalore, Karnataka.
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jpbs.JPBS_146_20

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Aim: Zirconia-based restoration is successfully replacing metal ceramic restorations in posterior areas. Although higher mechanical properties of zirconia, their use in compromised situation is questionable. Hence, there is a need to modify the design which to strengthen the framework. The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the influence of lingual collar design on the flexural strength of CAD/CAM-fabricated posterior three-unit zirconia framework. Materials and Methods: A mandibular metallic stainless steel master mold is designed for a three-unit fixed partial denture framework. All CAD-milled 20 samples are divided into two groups based on the design. Group A––with collar (10 samples) and Group B––without collar (10 samples), tested using universal testing machine to calculate the mean fracture load and flexural strength. Statistical Analysis Used: Descriptive statistics and independent sample t test were used to find the difference between the groups, and simple linear regression was used to find the relationship between load and displacement between the groups. Results: The result of the mean flexural strength for Group A was 11328.06 ± 3770MPa and for Group B was 7633.95 ± 3196 MPa; the mean fracture strength observed for Group A was 1274.04 ± 424 MPa and for Group B was 858.80 ± 359 MPa. A statistically significant difference was observed in flexural strength between Groups A and B (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Zirconia framework with connector dimension of 7 mm2 with lingual collar design can be successfully incorporated in compromised situation where an ideal connector dimension of 9 mm2 cannot be placed.

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