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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 57-59

Chlorhexidine: An elixir for periodontics

1 Department of Periodontics, J. K. K. Nattraja Dental College, Komarapalyam, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Periodontist, Prudent Dental Care, Dindigul, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Department of Periodontics, KSR Institute of Dental Science and Research, Thiruchengodu, Tamil Nadu, India
4 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Kalinga Institute of Dental Sciences, Bhubaneshwar, Odisha, India
5 Department of Oral Maxillo Facial Pathology, Best Dental College, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India
6 Department Periodontics, Rajah Muthiah Dental College & Hospital, Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Arthiie Thangavelu
Department of Periodontics, JKKN Dental College, Natarajapuram, NH-544, Komarapalayam 638183, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jpbs.JPBS_162_20

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Chlorhexidine is a cationic bisbiguanide with broad antibacterial activity, and wide spectrum of activity encompassing gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, yeasts, dermatophytes and some lipophilic viruses. Its antibacterial action is due to the disruption of the bacterial cell membrane by the chlorhexidine molecules, increasing the permeability and resulting in cell lysis. Thus, chlorhexidine plays a key role in the dentistry and is used to treat or prevent periodontal disease, and has earned its eponym of the gold standard. This article reviews in detail about the mechanism of action, indications, forms and various studies related to chlorhexidine.

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