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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 821-825

The COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) assessment test: Assessment of therapeutic outcomes of patients at private hospitals in yogyakarta


Department of Pharmacy, Universitas Islam Indonesia, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Correspondence Address:
Chynthia Pradiftha Sari
Department of Pharmacy, Universitas Islam Indonesia, Jl. Kaliurang km 14.5, Yogyakarta.
Indonesia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jpbs.JPBS_302_19

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Introduction: Chronic obstruction pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic airflow disorder along with decreasing health status. COPD assessment test (CAT) is commonly used to assess the health status of patients and their medical results. The aim of this study was to assess the therapeutic outcomes in patients with COPD using CAT in private hospitals in Yogyakarta. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study involving 156 patients, aged >40 years who had completed the CAT questionnaire. CAT scores were categorized into four groups and consisted of eight items: cough, phlegm, chest tightness, breathlessness going up hills/stairs, activity limitations at home, confidence leaving home, sleep, and energy. The four categories were successful therapy (CAT scores <10), moderately successful CAT 10–19), less successful (CAT scores 20–30), and unsuccessful (CAT score >30). The study was conducted from April to August 2018 at two Private Hospitals in Yogyakarta followed by descriptive-analytical data processing and chi-square analysis. Results: The therapeutic outcomes of COPD were 30.13% successful (CAT score: <10), 60.26% moderately successful (CAT score: 10–19), 9.62% less successful (CAT score: 20–30), and there were no patients with unsuccessful therapy. The majority of patients had moderate airflow severity. Exacerbation condition, severity level, and type of therapy showed a significant result (P < 0.05) toward therapy results with COPD measurement, and from eight CAT items, it was identified that 37.8% of respondents had breathlessness going up hills/stairs. Conclusion: CAT can assess the therapeutic outcomes and COPD patient’s health status with moderately successful therapy (CAT score 10–19) in more than sixty percent of respondents.


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