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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 105-108

Comparative evaluation of changes in microflora in delayed and immediate implant placement: An In vivo study

1 Department of Dentistry, Patna Medical and Hospital, Patna, Bihar, India
2 Department of Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge, Patna Dental College and Hospital, Patna, Bihar, India
3 Department of Dentistry, Patna Medical College, Patna, Bihar, India
4 Department of Dentistry, Patna Medical College and Hospital, Patna, Bihar, India

Correspondence Address:
Daya Shankar
Department of Dentistry, Patna Medical College and Hospital, Patna, Bihar
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jpbs.JPBS_572_20

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Aim: This study is aimed to compare and evaluate the changes in the microflora in immediate and delayed placed implants. Materials and Methods: In this study, the implant site sample was taken and assessed during different phases of treatment for delayed and immediate implants. They were looked for Streptococcus, Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Prevotella intermedia, Porphyromonas gingivalis, and Fusobacterium nucleatum. Results: The results showed that Streptococci were found in a higher number in all the phases of the treatment. The presence of pathogenic organisms such as P. gingivalis and Fusobacterium, in considerable amounts, was seen in both the groups. Conclusion: Thus, we conclude that implant mode of placement, delayed or immediate placement does not alter the flora of the oral cavity. Organisms present remains the same in all the phase of the treatment. To prevent the disease, one must continuously monitor the implant, with the increasing age changes, the microflora is continually changing in the oral cavity. The periodontal health should be assessed before the placement of the implant, followed by follow-ups after a set period for a better prognosis.

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