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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 112-115

Evaluation of oral hygiene status among 12–14-year-old school children


1 Department of Dentistry, ESIC Medical College and Hospital, Joka, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
2 Academic Head and Founder Cerebri Classes LLP, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
3 Department of Pediatric Dentistry, AIMST University, Bedong, Kedah, Malaysia
4 Department of Pedodontics & Preventive Dentistry, Awadh Dental College and Hospital, Jamshedpur, Jharkhand, India
5 Department of Pedodontics, Awadh Dental College and Hospital, Jamshedpur, Jharkhand, India
6 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Awadh Dental College and Hospital, Jamshedpur, Jharkhand, India

Correspondence Address:
Deepesh Jaiswal
Department of Dentistry (Pedodontics), ESIC Medical College and Hospital, JOKA, Kolkata, West Bengal
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jpbs.JPBS_590_20

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Background: Oral diseases such as dental caries, gingivitis, and periodontitis are common among population. The present study was conducted to assess dental caries status and oral hygiene practice among school children. Materials and Methods: This school-based study was conducted on 520 children of age group of 12–14 years of both genders. Location, education, and employment status of parents, use of toothbrush, frequency of brushing, dental floss, total number of meals in a day, number of snacks between meals and sugar consumption, and decayed, missing, filled teeth were recorded. Results: There were 266 males and 254 females. Age group 12 years had 80 males and 90 females, 13 years had 70 males and 60 females, and 14 years had 116 males and 104 females. Ninety-six males and 110 females were from urban and 170 males and 144 females were from rural. The mean plaque score in 12-year male children was 0.61 ± 0.32, in 13-year children was 0.68 ± 0.45, and in 14 years was 0.74 ± 0.48. In males, the mean plaque score was 0.70 ± 0.38 and in females was 0.66 ± 0.42. In children from urban area, the mean plaque score was 0.62 ± 0.34 and from rural area was 0.74 ± 0.40. Four hundred and eighteen children were using toothpaste and they had plaque score of 0.76 and 102 children were using floss and they had plaque score of 0.89. Three hundred and twenty children were brushing once, 90 twice, and 110 irregular and there mean plaque score was 0.70, 0.61, and 0.76, respectively. The difference was significant (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Authors found that oral health status of children consuming high sugar, more snacks per day, and brushing occasionally was poor.


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