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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 15-18

An overview of chitosan and its role in periodontics


1 Department of Periodontics, JKK Nattraja Dental College, Komarapalayam, India
2 Professor, Prudent Dental Clinic, Dindigul, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Department of Preventive Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, Gulf Medical University, Ajman, UAE
4 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Diagnostic Sciences, College of Dentistry, King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia
5 Department of Preventive Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Al-Kharj, Saudi Arabia
6 Department of Periodontics, RMDCH, Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Arthiie Thangavelu
Department of Periodontics, JKK Nattraja Dental College, Komarapalayam, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jpbs.JPBS_701_20

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Chitosan is a biopolymer with numerous biological properties such as antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and wound healing. Chitosan also stimulates cell proliferation and osteogenesis and thus used as a scaffold material in tissue engineering. The physical proprieties of chitosan such as biocompatibility and biodegradability give promising results in periodontal therapies. This review gives an updated explanation of the applications of chitosan in dentistry and periodontics. Furthermore, the review demonstrates the actions of chitosan in detail and its role in the regeneration of periodontal structures.


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