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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 344-347

Assessment of knowledge, attitude, and practice about oral health in patients with cardiovascular diseases - An original study


1 Department of Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics, S Nijalingappa Institute of Dental Science and Research, Rajapur, Gulbarga, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Dentistry, Shri Krishna Medical College and Hospital, Muzaffarpur, Bihar, India
3 DMD Student, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA, SUA
4 Department of Orthodontics, Rayat Bahra Dental College, SAS Nagar, Punjab, India
5 Department of Orthodontics, Saraswati Dhanvantari Dental College and Hospital, Parbhani, Maharashtra, India
6 Master of Public Health, Claremont Graduate University, School of Community and Global Health, Claremont, CA, USA

Correspondence Address:
Sai Prashanth Pinnamaneni
S Nijalingappa Institute of Dental Science and Research, Sedam Road, Rajapur, Gulbarga, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jpbs.JPBS_733_20

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Background: Lack of exercise and change in diet habits and urbanization had led to the rapid increase in the case of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Study was conducted to assess knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) about oral health in patients with CVDs. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted among 172 CVDs patients. Oral health indices (OHIs) such as OHI, decay-missing-filled, and periodontal disease index were recorded. KAP components were categorized into poor, moderate, and good. Results: Out of 172 patients, males were 102 and females were 70, age group 30–60 years had 46 and >60 years had 126 patients. Thirty-four were illiterate, 72 had up to primary and 46 had up to secondary and 20 had degree, 104 were married and 68 were unmarried. Resident was urban in 110 and rural in 62 and financial status was very good in 26, good in 50, and moderate in 96. Females had higher KAP score than males; however, the difference was nonsignificant (P > 0.05). As the age advanced, KAP score increased (P < 0.05), patients living in urban area had significantly higher KAP score than living in rural area, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Patients with very good financial status had significantly higher KAP score than living in rural area (P < 0.05). As the education level increased, KAP score increased, the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Authors found that patients with CVDs had moderate knowledge and attitude, but the practice was poor. There is need to educate the people about the importance of oral hygiene and their subsequent effect on general body.


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