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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 383-386

Assessment of titanium level in submucosal plaque around healthy implants and implants with peri-implantitis: A clinical study


1 Reader and HOD of Public Health Dentistry, Swargiya Dadasaheb Kalmegh Smruti Dental College and Hospital, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge, Vananchal Dental College and Hospital, Garhwa, Jharkhand, India
3 Dental Surgeon, Bharati Vidyapeeth Dental College and Hospital, Sangli, Maharashtra, India
4 Department of Preventive and Restorative Dentistry, College of Dental Medicine, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
5 Department of Dentistry, Patna Medical College and Hospital, Patna, Bihar, India
6 Department of Periodontology, Dr. HSRSM Dental College and Hospital, Hingoli, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Juzer Rasul
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Swargiya Dadasaheb Kalmegh Smruti Dental College and Hospital, Nagpur, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jpbs.JPBS_815_20

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Background: The present study focused on assessing the level of titanium in submucosal plaque in the peri-implant area with peri-implantitis in comparison to healthy implants. Methodology: Sixty patients with titanium dental implants were recruited. The degree of titanium in submucosal plaque around peri-implantitis and healthy implants was estimated using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Results: The mean ± standard deviation probing depth in Group I was 3.12 ± 1.1 and in Group II was 7.2 ± 2.5; gingival index was 0.64 ± 0.3 and 1.64 ± 0.8 in Group I and Group II, respectively. The plaque index was 0.82 ± 0.2 in Group I and 1.5 ± 0.6 in Group II. The mean plaque mass in Group I was 24.1 ± 3.8 ng/ul and 49.3 ± 6.4 ng/ul in Group II. The mean titanium level in Group I was 0.08 ± 0.02 μg and in Group II was 0.91 ± 0.04 μg. A highly significant difference between both groups was found (P < 0.05). Conclusion: There was a significantly higher titanium level in submucosal plaque around dental implants with signs of peri-implantitis as compared to healthy dental implants.


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