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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 465-468

Bone graft and intraosseous anchorage of dental implants for reconstruction of the residual alveolar ridge


1 Department of Prosthodontics, B.J.S Dental College and Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab, India
2 Department of Prosthodontics, BJS Dental College and Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab, India
3 Consultant Prosthodontist and Implantologist, Gower Crescent, Brampton (Canada), Canada
4 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Nalanda Medical College and Hospital, Patna, Bihar, India
5 Department of Dentistry, Sri Krishna Medical College and Hospital, Muzaffarpur, Bihar, India
6 Tutor, Department Of Prosthodontics, Patna Dental College And Hospital, Patna, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ritesh Vatsa
Assistant Professor, Department of Dentistry, Sri Krishna Medical College and Hospital, Muzaffarpur, Bihar
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jpbs.JPBS_638_20

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Background: Bone grafting aims at better dental implant osseointegration and preserves the remaining alveolar bone in the socket. The success of various bone grafting materials plays a vital role in assessing future implant function. Aims and Objectives: The present clinical trial was aimed at evaluating the results of guided bone regeneration (GBR) with and without the bioresorbable membrane in the dental implant placement. Materials and Methods: The 20 patients were divided into two groups (n = 10). First was Group I- GBR with bioresorbable collagen membrane (BioGide™) and second was Group II- GBR without membrane. Bone gain and bone levels were analyzed for both groups. All the collected data were analyzed statistically. Results: For Group I, bone levels at baseline were nonsignificant (P = 0.2188) Similarly, nonsignificant values were seen in both groups at 3 months with bone level values of 0.25 ± 0.17 and 0.38 ± 0.24 for Group I and Group II, respectively. Changes in the bone levels were found to be 2.45 ± 0.349 and 2.58 ± 0.304 from Group I and II, respectively, inferring the nonsignificant difference with P value of 0.3723. The percentage of bone gain for intergroup at the end of 3 months was 89.15% ±0.678 for Group I and 88.68% ± 0.503%; these values were statistically nonsignificant (P = 0.982). Conclusion: Nonsignificant difference was observed between the two groups with and without membrane in terms of changes in bone level, percentage of bone gain, and bone defect reduction. This study concludes that the use of bone grafts significantly improves residual alveolar ridge irrespective of membrane used.


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