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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 1136-1140

Bond strength of acrylic denture tooth to a novel thermo-polymerized denture base copolymer containing cycloaliphatic comonomer after mechanical and thermal aging

1 Department of Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge, Vivekanandha Dental College for Women, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge, JKK Nattraja Dental College and Hospital, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Department of Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge, KSR Institute of Dental Science and Research, Tamil Nadu, India
4 Department of Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge, Rajah Muthiah Dental College and Hospital, Annamalai University, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Ranganathan Ajay
Vivekanandha Dental College for Women, Namakkal, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jpbs.jpbs_212_21

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Background: There are numerous artificial denture tooth materials available of which acrylic resin teeth were used widely. The resin teeth bond chemically to the denture base resin, and this bonding is affected by numerous intrinsic and extrinsic factors. The type of cross-linker in the denture base monomer is one such factor which has a questionable influence on the bond strength. Recently, cycloaliphatic comonomer was added in the methyl methacrylate monomer and the resultant novel copolymer possessed good physico-mechanical and biological properties. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the shear bond strength (SBS) between acrylic denture tooth and resultant novel copolymer after cyclic loading and thermal aging. Materials and Methods: Sixty central incisor denture teeth were bonded to three types of acrylic denture base resin groups (n = 20 per group) categorized based on the presence of the cycloaliphatic comonomer – Control group (G0): denture bases without cycloaliphatic comonomer and trial groups G10 and G20 contain 10 vol.% and 20 vol.% comonomer, respectively, substituted in the denture base monomer component. The specimens were processed and subjected to cyclic loading and thermal aging which was then followed by SBS testing. Results: G20 possessed the highest SBS followed by G10. G0 had the least SBS. All the specimens of the control and trial groups exhibited adhesive–cohesive mixed failure at the resin tooth–base resin interface. Conclusion: The addition of cycloaliphatic comonomer increased the SBS between the resultant novel copolymer and the resin teeth after cyclic loading and thermal aging.

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