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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 1251-1258

To evaluate and compare the clinical and radiographic outcomes of formocresol, mineral trioxide aggregate, electrocautery, and bioactive glass when used for pulpotomy in human primary teeth


1 lecturer, Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Patna Dental College and Hospital, Patna, India
2 Professor, Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Career Post Graduate Institute of Dental Science, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Sadar Hospital, Jehanabad, India
4 lecturer, Department of Periodontics and oral Implantology, Patna Dental College and Hospital, Patna, India
5 Private Dental Practitioner, Samastipur, Bihar, India
6 Assistant Professor, Department of oral and maxillofacial pathology and microbiology, Career post graduate institute of dental science, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Safia Haideri
Patna Dental College and Hospital, Bankipur, Patna, Bihar
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jpbs.jpbs_23_21

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Aims: The aim of the present study is to evaluate and compare the clinical and radiographic outcomes of formocresol (FC), mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), electrocautery, and bioactive glass (BAG) when used for pulpotomy in human primary teeth. Settings and Design: The present study comprised of total four Groups A, B, C, and D; the selected children for the procedure were randomly divided into four groups according to the type of agent used as Group A, Group B, Group C, and Group D, respectively, having 20 teeth. Methodology: In this study, pulpotomies were performed on the respective teeth. The teeth were treated using either FC, MTA, electrocautery, and BAG. Following the pulpotomy procedure, the teeth were evaluated for the clinical and radiographic success for 3, 6, and 12 months. The teeth were evaluated for the presence of pain, swelling, internal and external resorption, and radiolucency. Statistical Analysis Used: Fisher's exact test and Yates corrected Chi-square test is used. Results: After 12 months of follow-up, the clinical and radiographic success rates were high. Comparing the frequency (%) of overall clinical success rate of four groups at 12 months, the Chi-square test revealed significantly different and higher overall clinical success rate in MTA as compared to other groups, especially FC and EC at 12 months. Comparing the frequency (%) of overall radiographic success rate of four groups at 12 months, the Chi-square test revealed significantly different and higher overall radiographic success rate in MTA as compared to other groups, especially FC and EC at 12 months. Conclusions: In this study, the success rates of MTA, BAG, and FC are matching their physical and chemical properties which have been detailed and explained earlier.


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