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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 1410-1413

A comparative study evaluating implant success and bone loss in diabetes and nondiabetes


1 Department of Periodontology and Implantology, Hazaribagh College of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Hazaribagh Jharkhand, India
2 Department of Prosthodontics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
3 Department of Dentistry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India
4 Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Hazaribagh College of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Hazaribagh, Jharkhand, India
5 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Hi-Tech Dental College and Hospital, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
6 Department of Periodontology, Swargiya Dadasaheb Kalmegh Smruti Dental College and Hospital, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Bibhu Prasad Mishra
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Hi- Tech Dental College and Hospital, Bhubaneswar, Odisha
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jpbs.jpbs_229_21

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Background: Diabetes is seen to be associated with increased rate of failure of implants. The implant failure can be categorized as ailing, failing, and failed implants. The review of literature did not form any consensus on the effect of diabetes on the implant success rates. The reason we found was many confounding factors and nonconsideration of glycemic status of diabetic patients. Hence, in our study, we eliminated the confounding factors and took glycemic index in consideration. Materials and Methods: Forty-six participants were included in this study, out of which 26 were nondiabetic and 20 diabetic. Diabetics were further divided into two groups based on the HBA1C values, as controlled and uncontrolled diabetics. Results: We found that the uncontrolled diabetics had highest rate of implant failure as compared to other two groups. Furthermore, the controlled diabetics and nondiabetics had similar implant successes and failure rates. Conclusion: This suggests that controlled diabetics are comparable to nondiabetics in terms of implant success rates.


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