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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 1650-1654

Evaluation of knowledge, attitude, awareness, fear, and anxiety levels in pateints visisting the routine dental outpatient department during COVID 19 pandemic - A cross-sectional hospital-based observational research

1 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Faculty of Dental Sciences, SGT University, Gurgaon, Haryana, India
2 Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Kalinga Institute of Dental Sciences, Campus 5, KIIT University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
3 BDS, Chandigarh Dental and Homeopathic Hospital, Sector 35, Chandigarh, India
4 Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Government College of Dentistry, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India
5 Department of Oral Pathology and Oral Microbiology, Index Institute of Dental Sciences, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India
6 Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedic, Chandra Dental College, Barabanki, Uttar Pradesh, India
7 MPH Student, Parul Univeristy, Vadodara, Gujrat, India

Correspondence Address:
Puneeta Vohra
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Faculty of Dental Sciences, SGT University, Gurgaon, Haryana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jpbs.jpbs_378_21

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Background: Since the COVID 19 pandemic has hit worldwide wide being one of the biggest psychological menace that had an impact on all socioeconomic strata as well age group of society. Looking at the present scenario of confusion and anxiety a cross-sectional research was planned to see the level of fear and anxiety among a patient who is already having concern about his oral health and when he comes to a dental outpatient department (OPD) what are his main areas of concern and anxiety. Methodology: Cross-sectional study was planned in faculty of dental sciences, all the patients coming to dental OPD over a period of 3 months from November 2020 to March 2021 were asked to self-fill or fill with assistance a google form compromising of 10 multiple response questionnaire validated according to previous studies and surveys. Later on, the data was compiled and evaluated. Results: Out of 511 Patients enrolled in the study after taking their online consent. 28.2% of population did not know about COVID 19. 67.4% were aware about the pandemic whereas 4.4% were confused and did not know about the complete scenario. 36.9% of population were not in stress and 62.4% were in stress and had anxiety regarding their visit for dental check up and treatment. 30.4% had no fear of catching the infection from dental procedure, 62.4% had fear and 7.2% of population was ignorant regarding the same. About 70.7% had quarantined themselves before coming for dental treatment. 62.4% were willing for dental treatment post-vaccination and 26% were not willing for treatment 11.6% were not sure. After applying statistical analysis, it was found that P < 0.05 and people coming to dental OPD were in lot of stress and anxiety regarding the dental procedures during the COVID pandemic. Conclusion: Since the global pandemic has caused major worry among the populations but still there are many who are not so anxious. Knowledge and awareness regarding the disease and vaccination have led to a wave of calmness in some, but still many people have been impacted and are in major dilemma whether they should get a dental treatment or should delay it ??

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