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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 952-956

Functional role of inorganic trace elements on enamel and dentin formation: A review

1 MDS, DMD Student, Rutgers School of Dental Medicine, Newark, New Jersey, USA
2 BDS, Sibar Institute of Dental Sciences, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India
3 BDS, Faculty of Dentistry and Oral Medicine, Pharos University in Alexandria, Egypt
4 BDS, MPH, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, Illinois, USA
5 People's College of Dental Sciences and Research Centre, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
6 Department of OMFS, Narsinbhai Patel Dental College and Hospital, Sankalchand Patel University, Visnagar, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Izaz Shaik
Rutgers School of Dental Medicine, Newark, New Jersey
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jpbs.jpbs_392_21

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Calcium and phosphate are the major components of hydroxyapatite crystals that form the inorganic portion of the teeth. Apart from these, certain elements are present in little amounts in enamel and dentin of the human teeth. Although they are required in minute quantities, their absence may alter healthy development of enamel and dentin and may result in developmental tooth defects as well as dental caries. Furthermore, excessive intake of some trace elements may inversely affect tooth development and health. The exact of effects that trace elements have on teeth and oral health is still an unexplored territory. The present paper reviews the presence of trace elements in teeth and their role in tooth health and development.

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