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Pattern of disease and therapy for diabetes along with impact of generic prescribing on cost of treatment among outpatients at a tertiary care facility


1 Department of Pharmacology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Bhopal, India
2 Department of General Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Bhopal, India
3 Department of Pharmacology, Gandhi Medical College, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Shubham Atal,
Department of Pharmacology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), 3rd Floor, AIIMS Medical College Building, Saket Nagar, Bhopal 462020, Madhya Pradesh.
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jpbs.JPBS_405_20

Background: India has become the diabetes capital of the world. Analyzing trends in drug prescribing helps in judging rationality of prescriptions in different settings. This study aimed to assess disease and prescribing trends with a special emphasis on evaluating use of metformin, insulin, fixed dose combinations (FDCs), concomitant medications, pill burden, and costs of drug therapy in diabetes. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study in which patients of either sex who attended the diabetes clinic at a tertiary care center over 9 months were included consecutively. Basic demographic profile, clinical, and treatment details on the day of visit were collected from the prescription charts. Drug costs for prescriptions were calculated using generic and median brand prices of formulations using a recognized commercial drug directory and generic price list of the government, respectively. Data were analyzed by using Microsoft Excel and Open Epi online software to compare results with published studies. Results: Average age of diabetics was 53.9 ± 11.8 years and disease duration was 8.13 ± 7.78 years in 336 prescriptions analyzed. Dual drug regimens were seen in 32.7% prescriptions, most commonly metformin and sulfonylureas, followed by triple drug regimens (25%) with inhibition of dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP IV) inhibitor. Metformin was prescribed in 95% prescriptions (mean dose 1511 ± 559.87 mg) and insulin in 22.6% prescriptions. Angiotensin receptor blocker (ARBs) and statins were the most commonly prescribed concomitant drugs. One FDC per prescription (median) each for diabetes and comorbidities were prescribed. Daily pill burden was 4.59 ± 2.65 pills. The median monthly cost of drug therapy with branded prescribing was INR 870.43 and INR 393.72 with the use of generics. Inferences drawn by comparison with published data showed variable results for different parameters analyzed. Conclusion: Disease pattern was as expected for the region and trends of therapy showed concurrence with rational prescribing. Pill burden and cost of therapy remain high with a significant contribution of comorbidities.


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