Journal of Pharmacy And Bioallied Sciences

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2017  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 82--84

A comparative evaluation of bifidobacteria levels in early childhood caries and severe early childhood caries


Suraj Nair, V Suresh Kumar, Ramesh Krishnan, Pooja Rajan 
 Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Vinayaka Missions Sankarachariyar Dental College, Salem, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Suraj Nair
Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Vinayaka Missions Sankarachariyar Dental College, NH 47, Sankari Main Road, Salem - 636 308, Tamil Nadu
India

Background: Bifidobacteria levels in saliva were found to be significantly correlated in adults with dental caries but less information available in the literature regarding its role in children. Aim: The aim is to compare the salivary levels of Bifidobacteria in children who are caries free with that of early childhood caries (ECC) and severe ECC (S-ECC). Materials and Methods: Saliva was collected using the tongue-loop method from a total of 60 children between the age group of 3–5 years and they were further divided into 3 groups. In addition, the age and gender of the children, sugar amount in diet, sugar frequency in diet, were recorded. Results: Bifidobacteria was isolated from all the three groups, but more were from S-ECC, followed by ECC and very few cases of caries-free children and was found to statistically significant (P < 0.001). Salivary levels of Bifidobacteria were significantly correlated with amount of sugar in the diet and frequency of sugar consumption. Conclusions: Salivary levels of Bifidobacteria were significantly associated with S-ECC and ECC, followed by caries free group. In future, it can be used as a salivary marker for caries risk assesment.


How to cite this article:
Nair S, Kumar V S, Krishnan R, Rajan P. A comparative evaluation of bifidobacteria levels in early childhood caries and severe early childhood caries.J Pharm Bioall Sci 2017;9:82-84


How to cite this URL:
Nair S, Kumar V S, Krishnan R, Rajan P. A comparative evaluation of bifidobacteria levels in early childhood caries and severe early childhood caries. J Pharm Bioall Sci [serial online] 2017 [cited 2022 Aug 19 ];9:82-84
Available from: https://www.jpbsonline.org/article.asp?issn=0975-7406;year=2017;volume=9;issue=5;spage=82;epage=84;aulast=Nair;type=0