Journal of Pharmacy And Bioallied Sciences

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2021  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 699--705

Evaluation of bone regeneration around implants with and without flap elevation


Sachin Sinha1, Santosh Kumar2, Priyanshu Ranjan Sonoo3, Utkarsh Kumar4, Rohit Siddhartha5, Sanjay Kumar Singh6 
1 Department of Periodontics, PHC, Khusrupur, India
2 Department of Periodontics, Karnavati School of Dentistry, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
3 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgey, Awadh Dental College and Hospital, Jamshedpur, Jharkhand, India
4 Department of Periodontics, Awadh Dental College and Hospital, Jamshedpur, Jharkhand, India
5 Department of Conservative Dentistry, Awadh Dental College and Hospital, Jamshedpur, Jharkhand, India
6 Department of Dentistry, Patna Medical College and Hospital, Patna, Bihar, India

Correspondence Address:
Sanjay Kumar Singh
MDS Senior Resident Department of Dentistry, Patna Medical College & Hospital, Patna (Bihar)
India

Background: The aim of this study is to clinically evaluate and compare the clinical success and the relative bone healing of the implants which are placed using a flapless procedure and compare it to those placed by the conventional flap technique. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted with ten patients that were randomly divided into two groups. Group A included patients with immediately placed implants after extraction with flap elevation. Group B included patients with immediately placed implants after extraction without any flap elevation. The clinical parameters recorded were Plaque index, Modified Gingival Index, Early Wound Healing Index, Buser's criteria, Distance between implant shoulder and the crestal bone (DIB), and Radiographic Examination in a standardized manner to evaluate changes for the DIB values. Results: There was an improvement in Plaque Score from baseline to 1 month and baseline to abutment placement (6 months), which was statistically significant, but the plaque score from 3 months to abutment placement (6 months) was statistically nonsignificant in both the group. There was an increase in modified gingival score from baseline to 3 months, baseline to abutment placement (6 months), and 3 months to abutment placement (6 months), which was statistically significant in both the groups. The DIB scores in Group A recorded at baseline to 6 months were 2.80 ± 0.57 and 1.90 ± 0.42, respectively, showing a mean difference of −0.90 and P = 0.001 in comparison. Whereas, the DIB scores in Group B at baseline to 6 months were 3.20 ± 0.57 and 2.50 ± 0.50, respectively, showing a mean difference of −0.70 and P = 0.001 in comparison. The DIC scores in Group A at baseline to 6 months were 1.60 ± 0.54 and 0.00 ± 0.00, respectively, showing a mean difference of −1.60 and P = 0.003 in comparison, Whereas the DIC scores in Group B at baseline to 6 months were 1.40 ± 0.54 and 0.00 ± 0.00, respectively, showing a mean difference of −1.40 and P = 0.005 in comparison. Conclusion: Implants placed in fresh extraction sockets with and without mucoperiosteal flap elevation can be successfully done with augmentation procedures. Short-term survival rates and clinical outcomes of both groups were similar and appeared to be predictable treatment modalities.


How to cite this article:
Sinha S, Kumar S, Sonoo PR, Kumar U, Siddhartha R, Singh SK. Evaluation of bone regeneration around implants with and without flap elevation.J Pharm Bioall Sci 2021;13:699-705


How to cite this URL:
Sinha S, Kumar S, Sonoo PR, Kumar U, Siddhartha R, Singh SK. Evaluation of bone regeneration around implants with and without flap elevation. J Pharm Bioall Sci [serial online] 2021 [cited 2021 Dec 4 ];13:699-705
Available from: https://www.jpbsonline.org/article.asp?issn=0975-7406;year=2021;volume=13;issue=5;spage=699;epage=705;aulast=Sinha;type=0